This statement applies to user interactions with the City of Sydney’s website, at While care is taken to ensure accuracy, the City of Sydney cannot guarantee that the information presented is correct and recommends that users exercise their own skill and care with respect to its use.

The content of oral history interviews is personal, experiential and interpretive because, by its nature, it relies on the memories, perceptions and opinions of individuals. While all reasonable attempts are made to avoid inaccuracy, interviews should not be understood as statements of fact or opinion endorsed by the City of Sydney. This site also contains links to other resources but that does not amount to an endorsement or guarantee of their content.


Disclaimer of liability

The City of Sydney makes every effort to ensure that the content of our web sites is accurate and up to date. The City of Sydney makes no warranty or undertaking, whether expressed or implied, nor does it assume any legal liability, whether direct or indirect.

Links to other sites

References and links to other internet sites are for information purposes only and are not an endorsement of those sites, or the information, views, opinions or standards contained on those sites. The City of Sydney is not responsible for the relevance or accuracy, currency and reliability of information found on those sites.

Third party content

Some of the information provided on this web site is supplied by third parties. It is important that all users understand that third party information is not provided or endorsed by the City of Sydney and your legal relationship is with the third party supplier. Please be aware that we have not checked third party content.


The listing of a person or organisation in any part of this web site in no way implies any form of endorsement by the City of Sydney of the products or services provided by that person or organisation.

Things you should know about this site

Oral histories are mostly presented as the full interview in both audio and transcript forms, accompanied by an excerpt. The excerpt is a short edited extract from the full interview. Full interviews, in both audio and transcript form, may also be lightly edited for reasons of privacy and coherence but all efforts are made to retain the integrity of the original interview. In some cases it may not be possible to provide the full audio and/or transcript. Sound quality, especially in older interviews, can be variable.

Unless otherwise indicated, copyright in these oral history interviews is held by the interviewees. You may download, display, print and reproduce this content for your personal or non-commercial use but only in an unaltered form, with the copyright acknowledged and citing the name of the interviewee, the date of the interview and citing the City of Sydney’s oral history collections. Anyone wishing to make this content accessible through their web site is encouraged to link to the required content on this site. The City of Sydney reserves the right to revoke this permission at any time. Permission is not given for any commercial use or sale of this material.

No other material available on the website may be copied (except as permitted for private use or study) or further disseminated without the express and written permission of the copyright owner.